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Infertility affects one in six American couples. According to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 15% of women of childbearing age have received infertility treatment, including medication or simple surgeries to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and complex laboratory-based procedures.

IVF clinical success rates for infertile couples have improved greatly since 1981, when IVF was first performed in the United States. At the best clinics today, couples have more than a 50% chance of conceiving with IVF – double the odds for natural conception during intercourse between two young, fertile adults.

Choosing the most appropriate infertility treatment requires a comprehensive evaluation to identify the cause of infertility. Although several types of specialists can diagnose this disease, only those with subspecialty training and experience in reproductive endocrinology and the assisted reproductive technologies (ART) can offer the full range of available treatment options. In many cases, the advanced technologies are the best and most cost-effective solution.

US IVF clinics report ART-related information annually for publication by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), the CDC and RESOLVE, a national infertility patient advocacy group. This data includes the number and type of ART cycles performed, the related cause of infertility and the success rates. Of the 99,639 cycles performed at 383 clinics in 2000 - the most recent published year - over 17% were linked to male-related infertility. Female infertility factors such as tubal disease, ovulatory dysfunction, endometriosis and other uterine problems accounted for 49%. Another 13% were related to immunological problems, chromosomal abnormalities, chemotherapy for cancer or other serious illness in the female. For the remaining 10%, the cause was "unexplained" infertility.  View the most recent CDC infertility statistics.

To learn more about the causes and treatments for infertility click on one of the following categories below: